Pressure Testing - DOT Hydrostatic Testing Faq

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DOT Hydrostatic Testing & Pressure Tank Testing

 
     
  Tym’s is DOT approved to hydrostatically test most kinds of cylinder assemblies. Testing is also available for foreign, experimental, and engineering sample compressed gas containers.

Hydrostatic testing FAQ’s

The Department of Transportation (DOT) requires all cylinders to be hydrostatically tested every 3, 5, or 10 years.  The time allowed by law is determined by a variety of factors such as the type of material, the gas it contains, its age, and special permits the cylinder may have been manufactured under.

What is a hydrostatic test?
A “hydro test” is an approved way to test the structural integrity of a compressed gas container.  It is performed by removing the valve, filling the container with water, and then pressuring the container above its operating limit.  The expansion of the cylinder is measured, recorded, and analyzed.  If cylinder expands beyond certain limits, the cylinder must be condemned.

In most cases corrosion or other damage, internal or external, will render a cylinder useless before a failed hydrostatic test.

How often is a hydro test required?
This depends on the rating of the cylinder and the date it was last tested.  The month and year of each hydro test is stamped onto the cylinder between a letter and four numbers identifying the tester.  It is 3, 5, or 10 years from this date that the next hydro test is due.

All cylinders have ratings that start with “DOT” or “ICC,” followed by the service pressure of the container.  For example “DOT 3AA 1800” means a DOT approved cylinder made to the “3AA” specification rated for 1800 psi.  Some common ratings and test intervals are below:

5-Year test:
DOT 3A
ICC 3A
DOT 3AA
ICC 3AA
DOT 3AL


3-Year test:
DOT 3HT


10-Year test:
DOT 3AA with a “star” following the last hydro test date.


Some cylinders have a 5-point star stamped into the cylinder after the last hydro test date making them eligible for a 10-year test under certain circumstances.

Various:
DOT E
DOT SP

These are specialty cylinders that fall within a range of testing requirements and are manufactured and tested with “special permits” from the DOT.

Other companies do not mention hydro tests, or don’t charge for them, what’s the story?
The laws universally apply for all compressed gas containers.  Many companies apply the cost of hydro testing to everyone, especially when tanks are exchanged.  Tym’s does not charge everyone for hydro testing service.  If your tank does not require hydro testing, you don’t pay for it!  Unfortunately, some companies break the law and fill out-dated cylinders.

What happens if the cylinder fails?
In the unlikely circumstance that the cylinder fails the hydro test, a test report will be given to the customer and the cylinder must be destroyed.

Hydrostatic Testing & Tank Incpection

Hydrostatic testing is the most widespread way to inspect a compressed gas container for leaks or defects. The cylinder undergoes hydrostatic testing with the purpose of checking whether it can safely hold its rated pressure. Hydrostatic testing is critical when it comes to compressed gas containers because they can explode in case if they fail when containing compressed gas.

A hydrostatic test includes filling the container with a practically incompressible liquid (water) and examining it for leaks or changes in shape. The test pressure is considerably higher than the operating pressure to ensure safety. Usually 150% of the operating pressure is applied. Water is used in hydrostatic testing as it is almost incompressible and will only expand by a very small amount. In case of high-pressure gas use, it could exceed its compressed volume, posing a great risk of explosion.
All compressed gas containers need regular hydrostatic testing. The frequency of the maintenance depends on the cylinder material.

The Department of Transportation (DOT) recommends visual inspections to be performed on a regular basis as well. The DOT demands that hydrostatic retesting and re-qualification would be handled by registered specialists who have been certified by the DOT. At Tym’s Inc. all the necessary qualifications for hydrostatic testing are met, so you can trust our company for examining your compressed gas cylinders. Many other companies charge everyone for hydro testing, especially when tanks are exchanged. Tym’s Inc. does not do that, if your tank does not require hydrostatic testing, you don’t pay for it! 

The object of the pressure tank testing is to check if there is a significant drop of pressure which usually signals of a crack or hole in the tank. Pressure accumulation is a potentially dangerous situation, that’s why this kind of testingshould be conducted by a plumbing professional. Contact Tym’s Inc. and we will conduct both types of testing for you!

 
 
 
   
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